Flea dermatitis, commonly called flea allergy, is the most common sort of allergy diagnosed in canines and is brought on by a flea bite. It’s the major reason for itchiness in dogs, and it only takes the bite of a single flea to stimulate an allergic reaction on your dog’s skin. Flea bite dermatitis may cause your pet to itch for anywhere from a couple of hours to a number of days and can take as long as 3 days to a week to show up after the initial flea bite.
The Causes of Flea Allergies
Fleas are only seen on an animal while they feed. Analogous to mosquitoes, a flea will bite a canine and suck up blood for nutrition. As they do this, they inject a small measure of saliva under the animal’s skin which may be comprised of up to 15 different allergy inducing substances. If your dog is sensitive to one of the allergens that have been injected by the flea, it will incite an allergic response that leads to the animal itching. Approximately one half of all canines will suffer through flea allergies, and while it’s more common in grown canines, puppies could also develop dermatitis.
Diagnosing Flea Dermatitis in Dogs and Recognition of Its Signs
Dog owners often do not realize that their pet has fleas because of their really small size and considering how challenging they can be to exterminate. Making the task of diagnosing flea dermatitis much more arduous is the fact that it only takes one lone flea to induce flea dermatitis and signs might not be noticeable for up to 7 days after the flea bite took place. There does not have to be an infestation of fleas to induce flea dermatitis. Signs of flea dermatitis may include intense itching or biting of the skin and coat, inflaming of the skin, skin rashes, and skin reddening. Because of the frequent scratching and itching, fur loss across the animal’s posterior, especially in the area commencing in the halfway point along the spine to the base of the tail and also in the rear legs region, is also a pretty solid indication of flea dermatitis. The vet can also find flea dermatitis employing advanced skin and blood tests to look for particular allergy causing substances and to rule out other conditions like fungal, yeast and bacterial infections.
Flea Treatment Starts With a Good Flea Eradication Plan
The first step of any projected type of flea treatment takes into consideration getting rid of fleas on dogs naturally as well as in the dog’s nearby surroundings. Even if you have a strict flea extermination program setup, it isn’t out of the ordinary for canine’s to still encounter an occasional flea bite. Canines that spend a good deal of time outdoors may be an even tougher challenge.
Desensitization and Traditional Drugs as Flea Dermatitis Treatments
A vet might advise the use of desensitization as a technique of dog allergy treatment. This involves giving the dog a shot with small amounts of flea antigen over a certain time period, potentially even the rest of the dog’s lifetime. This form of treatment has proven to be successful in nearly half of the patients, but can become quite expensive over the long term. Antihistamines and traditional treatments, such as steroids, are also typically used by vets to treat flea allergies. These drugs can often give relief for flea allergies; but, it has been demonstrated that there are adverse side effects when taking steroids. In the end, this method of treatment may do more harm than good.
Herbal Types of Treatment for Flea Dermatitis in Canines
Due to the side effects affiliated with the use of steroids, an expanding number of dog owners are now trying herbal remedies in an effort to fight flea allergies in dogs. There are numerous all-natural ingredients found in these herbal remedies that are both effective and safe for your pet. German Chamomile has been utilized to cleanse and soothe the skin for many centuries. Some other herbs have also been found to facilitate enhancing overall skin health and offer restoration and soothing benefits to the skin, and include Witchhazel, Marigold and Cleavers.